Chitwan National Park is the first Park in Nepal. It was established in 1973 and granted the status of a World Heritage Site in 1984. It covers an area of 932 km2 and is located in the subtropical Terai lowlands of southcentral Nepal.
The typical vegetation of the inner Terai is broadleaf forests with Sal trees covering about 70 %. Terai-Duar savanna and grasslans about 20%, which includes more then 50 species, and the world's tallest grasses like the elephant grass.
The wild range of vegetation types in the Park is the haunt of more then 700 species of wildlife and a number of butterlfy, moth and insect species.
Apart from King Cobra and Indian rock python, 17 other species of snakes, tortoise and lizards occur.
The Narayani-Rapti River System is the habitat for 113 recorded species of fish, mugger crocodiles and ghorial crocodiles.
The Chitwan National Park is home to at least 43 species of mammals. The King of the jungle is the Bengal Tiger
Apart from these top predators more then 40 type of cats, golden jackals, wild dogs, sloth bears, bengal foxes, civets, mongooses and marten roam the jungle for prey.
Since 1973 the population of Rhinoceros has recovered well.
From time to time wild Elephant bulls find their way into the valley of the park, apparently in search of Elephant cows willing to be seduced.
Furthermore you can find wild pigs, different types of deers, antelopes, monkeys, pangolins, porcupines, squirrels and hares
There are 543 species of Birds recorded in the Park.